Which day is the Sabbath according the Bible? What about the Lord’s Day? Do those who keep Sunday, or refer to it as “the Christian Sabbath” have any scriptural ground for so doing? Furthermore, what difference does it even make, especially on this side of the Cross? These are some of the questions which will be addressed below.
The following quote from another website demonstrates my disposition on these issues, and furthermore what I believe should be every Christian’s, regarding not only these, but all matters of truth and doctrine:
“Now if we are wrong on the Sabbath question—wrong either way—God’s word will certainly reveal that error. And I believe that every honest man and woman wants to know the truth, even if the truth turns out to be different from what he expected it to be. If the Scriptures reveal that I am keeping the wrong day, then I ought to be perfectly willing to change. Don’t you think? I know there are those who say it doesn’t make any difference which day you keep, so long as you keep one day in seven. Ever hear anyone talk like that? Does it make a difference? Is any day acceptable to God? Let’s turn to the Book, to the Bible in your hand, and see what we discover“-SabbathTruth.com
Because of how dynamic and extensive an issue this is, I believe that it’s necessary to take a “holistic” approach so to speak, or in other words, that one must consider each part of the whole in order to really see the “big picture” and come to conclusion that’s accuracy we’re able to be confident in.
I believe that the order in which these matters will be presented to you below is in about the most logical manner and with most continuity that’s possible. Therefore I recommend mindfully and prayerfully reading all the way through from the beginning to the end, while taking breaks if necessary, but being sure not to skip over any content. I would also recommend that if you read something you’re unsure of or even definitely disagree with, don’t let it discourage you from reading on, or sign-off on it altogether, until you’ve considered it within the context of the whole by finishing this dissertation.
But, if you do feel like jumping around, to facilitate navigation, you can click the title of any section of the index below to jump to that respective section, and then following each section, you will find a link to return once again to the index, in order that you may jump to another section.
A) The Sabbath: A Perpetual Covenant
B) Which Day is The Sabbath?
C) From Whence Cometh Sunday Keeping?
D) What about The Lord’s Day?
E) Historic Quotes
F) Bible Prophecy
G) Current Events
H) Final Analysis
I) How To Keep It & Objections Answered
J) Additional Resources (Books, Documentaries, Etc.)
Throughout this exposition you will find many words which appear as hyperlinks, upon clicking, they will lead you to additional articles, information, and/or the source material. May the Lord bless, keep, and guide you as you seek to worship Him in spirit and truth, as He’s commanded.
The Sabbath: A Perpetual Covenant
I believe the first essential issue, is to prove from the Bible that the Sabbath does still matter this side of the cross. To do this I will start primarily using New Testament scriptures, seeing as some more “liberal” Christians may tend doubt (or fail to understand) the relevancy of/how to reconcile, the Old Testament with the New.
(Check out the article “The Law in the New Testament” to learn more about the differentiation between the sacrificial/ceremonial laws, health laws, and civil laws versus the moral law, and come to better understanding what actually changed after the Cross.)
4th Commandment in N.T.
Some may not be aware, but in fact each one of the ten commandments can be found reiterated in the New Testament. In Hebrews 4:9, it states “There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God.” The underlying Greek for ‘rest’ in this passage is ‘sabbatismós‘, which Thayer’s Greek Lexicon defines as “a keeping sabbath“. You see, the ten commandments were written by the hand of God himself in stone (Ex. 31:18, Ex. 34:1, etc.) while the rest of the law of Moses: the sacrificial, health, and civil laws were written by the hand of Moses (Ex. 34:27, etc.) This indicates that the ten commandments are binding forever (see Ecc. 3:14, Ps. 111:7-8, etc.) while the rest of the law, being written by the hand of man, indicated their temporariness (Ps. 103:15-16, etc.), and to be done away with at the cross. I will be elaborating on this issue much more in a future post but in the meantime just refer to Matthew 5:17-19, Romans 3:31, 1 John 2:3-4, 1 John 5:2-3, 1 John 3:4,9-10, Matthew 23:2-3, etc.
Sabbath Instituted at Creation
Hypothetically speaking, even if the 10-commandments had been rendered “null and void” via the Cross of Christ, the Sabbath was actually instituted before the law of Moses, during the creation, when God “rested” on, “blessed“, “sanctified“, and “hallowed” the Seventh Day (Gen. 2:2; Ex. 20:11, Hebrews 4:4). This is confirmed as the “Holy Sabbath” actually appears in the scriptures before the 10-commandments are even given (Ex. 16:23). Obviously God didn’t rest because He was tired, but rather to set an example. Thus the Sabbath and it’s keeping, in regards to perpetuity, can be no more “Jewish”, “legalistic”, or “irrelevant” than God’s ordinance of marriage.
Sabbath Rest for Mankind
Turning to Mark 2:27, we find Christ stated: “The sabbath was made for man, and not man for the sabbath“. Notice Christ didn’t say the Sabbath was for the Jews but for mankind in general. You see, the main issue regarding Sabbath observance and the Religious leaders of that day, for which reason Christ sought to confound them, was their hypocrisy (Matthew 10:11). They would be willing to rescue a sheep from perishing (i.e. because it had monetary value), while condemning Christ for healing a man. Which brings us to the second problem regarding the Sabbath and the pharisees: they attached all sorts of rules and regulations to the Sabbath which weren’t ever indicated by the Law of Moses, making it a burden rather than a blessing. (See Acts 5:29, Matthew 15:3, etc.)
Christ Implies Sabbath Part of New Covenant
We read in Matthew 24, regarding “[Christ’s second] coming and the end of the world” & the “great tribulation” (v.3, 20-21), Jesus told his disciples “But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day: For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be.” So this begs the question, why would Christ have given such instruction, if the Sabbath was no longer to be kept the great tribulation side of the Cross, i.e. a period He knew would fall under the new covenant?
Christ Kept the Sabbath Both in Life and Death
Not only did Jesus keep the Sabbath during His earthly ministry (Lk. 4:16, Lk 13:10, Mk. 1:21, Mt. 12:9-14, etc.) he also kept the sabbath by “resting” in death while in the tomb on the seventh day (See Article: Jesus Christ was crucified on Wednesday, not Friday). And remember Christ said that he came to be our example and that we should: do as He did, that if we love Him we’ll keep His commandments, which he stated were the same as His Father’s commandments, that he did not come to do away with the Law but that heaven and earth would pass away before one iota was done away with, and whoever taught men to break the least of them would be in trouble (from scriptures referenced two subsections above this one, at the bottom; see also John 13:15, John 14:15, 15:10).
The Apostles Kept The Sabbath
Not only did Jesus keep the Sabbath, but so did his apostles. This is indicated not only in Luke 23:56, but also throughout the rest of the new testament scripture, for example by examining the record of Apostle Paul’s habits in scripture (see Acts 17:2, Acts 13:42-44, Acts 16:13, Acts 24:14)also article: The Apostle Paul Kept The Sabbath Day). So if Christ and the apostles kept the Sabbath, what should that tell us? And later on, in the ‘Historic Quotes’ section, I will be proving that even secular sources confirm for us that the primitive (true-apostolic churches) kept the Sabbath for hundreds of years, for which reason they were heavily persecuted.
The Sabbath to be Kept Even in Heaven
In Isaiah 66:22-23 we read, “For as the new heavens and the new earth, which I will make, shall remain before me, saith the Lord, so shall your seed and your name remain. And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall all flesh come to worship before me, saith the Lord.” So if the Sabbath existed before the Cross, and if it’s going to exist in heaven forever more, then why would God temporarily suspended it? In fact, the Sabbath of the seven-day week is actually prophetic and points to the Millennial kingdom of Christ: 6,000 years of man’s self rule (which is the approximate number you will arrive at if you: count the years from the present day back to the time of Christ, including collectively the years of the genealogies going all the way back to Adam, which are documented in the old testament scriptures), followed by 1,000 years of heavenly rest in God’s kingdom (2 Pet. 3:8, Rev. 20:4, also see article: 6000 Years for Mankind)
The Sabbath a Perpetual Covenant Forever to Jew and Gentile Alike
In Exodus 31:13 we read that the Sabbath was to be a sign of sanctification through Jehovah (i.e. identifying the only true God) and in Exodus 31:16-17 “a perpetual covenant.. for ever” unto the children of Israel, which includes gentile Christians: Gal. 6:15-16, Is. 56:2, 6-7, 1 Pt. 2:9, Gal. 3:28-29, Rom. 2:28-29, Rom. 11:17. etc.
(Note: this is not “replacement theology”, as racially speaking the Jews are still, and will continue into heaven to be, a distinct people, who yet have specific promises to them according to the Abraham covenant (which was a racial covenant), that apply only to them; and therefore Christians have NOT replaced them but only become co-heirs, as the spiritual Israel of God. The old testament of course still has spiritual significance and relevance for believers today (1 Cor. 10:11), even and especially as Christians are now the only ones through whom the Spirit of God (Holy Spirit) is working in this present age, and therefore, for the time being anyways, it’s the church that is central to His plan in working with mankind during these end times, and thus it’s chiefly for us that the scriptures have been preserved.)
Which day is the Sabbath?
“If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the Lord, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words: Then shalt thou delight thyself in the Lord; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.“-Is. 58:13-14
Okay, so, now that we’ve determined that we’re commanded to keep the Sabbath still, let’s figure out which day that is. Exodus 20:10 states “the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord”, and the Sabbath is also defined as the seventh day in the new testament (Hebrews 4:4). So the next question is which day of the week is the seventh the day? While there’s some who’d argue that it cannot be determined on our present calendar, but must be determined by the new moon’s (also known as the Lunar Sabbath, or Sabbath of “God’s Calendar”, to see that this is easily proven false from the Bible as well as from other irrefutable evidences, see Objection #8 of Section I) How To Keep It & Objections Answered), it’s actually very simple. If you open up the calendar app on your computer or phone, you will most likely see that Sunday is displayed as the first day of each week. If Sunday is the first day of the week, then Saturday must be the seventh. And it is. In fact, most dictionaries (for example Dictionary.com) will even define Saturday as “ “. But as with the calendars today, this is not always the case, as the definitions are being changed in modern dictionaries and calendars. Just as George Orwell warned in his book “1984”, they’ve been re-defining words in anticipation of the new world order’s ecumenical plan, for forced universal sunday observance in accordance with the UN’s ISO 8601 which has re-defined Sunday as the new seventh day (in an attempt to unite Sabbath and sunday keepers). Nonetheless, there are other irrefutable evidences that Saturday is the Seventh-Day Sabbath, and to see this refer to Point #1 (which follows the introduction paragraph) and Point #3) of Objection #8 of Section I) How To Keep It & Objections Answered.
What Time Does the Sabbath Begin?
Another point which should be made is that according to the scriptures, the Sabbath begins at sun-down Friday, and ends sun-down Saturday (see article Here which contains scriptural references). In fact it was prophesied in Daniel 7:25 that a beast power would come along who’d seek to “change times and laws”, i.e. like how now, nearly universally, days are calculated from 12:00am-12:00am (times), and the 4th commandment (laws) to keep the Sabbath has been substituted for Sunday worship. But more on all that later…
From Whence Cometh Sunday Keeping?
The next step, as we’ve determined that the Sabbath of the Holy Scriptures corresponds to Saturday, is to determine where this notion of Sunday comes from. As anyone who’s well versed in the Bible knows, there is absolutely nowhere in scripture where a transfer of the Sabbath to Sunday was made. So let’s begin by addressing the pretenses under which those who genuinely believe that they’re upholding the Bible as their final authority tend to use purporting Sunday to be the “Christian Sabbath”.
While it’s true that Sunday has been kept by the majority of Christians for hundreds of years, certainly it’s not advisable to use the line of reasoning of “well, everyone else is doing it” as the basis of Christian Authority in determining sound doctrine. Especially when it’s totally, absolutely, and categorically contrary to the inspired scriptures: which tell us we’re supposed to use them to come to our doctrinal conclusions (2 Tim. 3:16). After all, when Christ was here on earth he was rebuking the religious leaders of his day for rejecting the commandments of God in favor of the traditions of men (Mark 7:8-9). And as I will continue to prove throughout this article, such is without a doubt likewise the case today regarding the Sabbath/Sunday issue. This will become especially evident later on when we deal with the historic quotes.
A Supposed Transfer of the Sabbath by Christ
Of course there is no such record in scripture. In fact to the contrary. Jesus himself said he was Lord of the Sabbath day (Matthew 12:8). Surely we are on shaky ground if we start basing our doctrine on what Christ didn’t say…!
Christ’s Resurrection & Day of Pentecost were on the 1st Day of the Week
This is perhaps the most common justification for Sunday observance, which is commonly and erroneously referred to as “the Lord’s day” (we’ll deal with that term in the next section). The following quote comes from the book 2008 God’s Final Witness by Ronald Weinland:
“Jesus Christ said that the only sign He would leave that would prove He was who He said (the Messiah and man’s Passover) is that He would be dead and in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights [the sign of the prophet Jonah, Matt. 12:39-40]. He died late Wednesday afternoon and was placed in the heart of the earth just before sundown on that day. He was resurrected exactly three days later on late Saturday afternoon, just before sunset. So when the two Marys came to His burial site before sunrise the following morning, the angels told them He had already risen. But the Catholic Church has taught the world that Jesus died on “Good Friday” and was resurrected on early Sunday morning. Both are a lie! This would mean Jesus Christ was not our Passover sacrifice and that He is not the Christ, since they teach He was only in the heart of the earth for a maximum of two nights and one day.“-Location 3506, Kindle Version
So, Instead of realizing that Jesus Christ himself rested on the Sabbath while in the tomb and it’s inherit significance, they overlook that point entirely, and proceed to erroneously claim that Jesus resurrected on the 1st day of the week, and then use this misunderstanding as a reason to justify no longer observing the Sabbath, in contradiction to the scriptures (See Article: Christ’s Resurrection Was Not on Sunday). But even if one were to interpret scriptures such as Mark 16:9 to be indicating a 1st day Resurrection (again see previous linked article as it addresses this scripture specifically), that would actually even further reinforce the argument that Jesus rested on the Sabbath while in the tomb, as it would indicate He didn’t rise until after the Sabbath was officially over! (And remember, Christ said he didn’t come to destroy the law and not the smallest portion would pass from it until heaven and earth pass away, Matt. 5:17-19)
But setting all discrepancies aside, even if we merely take the argument at face value, namely that “we no longer keep the 4th commandment because the Resurrection/Pentecost of Christ” (realizing there is no scriptural command of transference or even implied Sunday observance (see sub-section directly to follow regarding scriptures that mention the first day of the week)), we know it doesn’t hold up to scrutiny, as the Holy Spirit inspired the prophet Isaiah to write, regarding how to identify false prophets, “To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.“-Is. 8:20
Similarly, it will be argued that as the outpouring of the Holy Spirit of Pentecost occurred on the 1st day of the week, this is another reason to commemorate Sunday instead of the dictates of scripture. Okay, obviously the reception of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost during the time of the 1st century church was a monumental event that would effect all believers to come. But again, would we not be setting ourselves up for serious problems if we take the liberty to create doctrines by reading into the scriptures something that’s never explicitly stated? (or even implied for that matter, but rather contrary to the whole of) The fact of the matter is that Pentecost, which was one of the annual Holy Days of the Jews prescribed in the Levitcal system, ALWAYS fell on the 1st day of the week from the time it was prescribed by Moses under the old covenant. This point will be elaborated on much more later using scripture.
Supposition Based on Random Occurrences of “First Day” in Scripture
To reinforce the previous argument they will generally point to scriptures such as Acts 20:7 and say see, the disciples were fellowshiping on the 1st day of the week and thus it proves Sunday is the “Christian Sabbath”. There are several problems with this line of reasoning. Regarding this particular verse, taking it in context, one finds that Paul proceeded on that same day to travel by foot to Assos, a distance of around 21 miles, which would be over a “Sabbath Day’s Journey” (the distance determined by the pharisees that could be traveled without it constituting breaking the Sabbath), which he wouldn’t have undertaken were the 1st day the “Christian Sabbath”.
The next verse they’ll use is 1 Corinthians 16:2. Interestingly enough, according to Albert Barnes commentary the underlying Greek means “let him do this by himself, when he is at home”. Besides why would the apostles use the Sabbath, which is supposed to be a day of rest and worship, to concern themselves with temporal affairs such as sorting through and moving around goods. And furthermore even if the premise were correct, there’s no evidence that the instruction given in 1 Cor. 16:2 was to be carried out indefinitely and not merely the record of an instance.
Finally they’ll point John 20:19. Once again however, if we take the scripture in it’s proper context by looking at parallel verses in the other gospels such as Luke 23:56, we discover that they “rested the sabbath day according to the commandment”.
But here’s the main point which should be considered regarding all of the above scriptures that mention the 1st day: let us ask ourselves, even if the disciples were meeting regularly on the 1st day of the week, would that be enough evidence to come to the conclusion that they weren’t still keeping the 7th-Day Sabbath, that it had been abolished or substituted?
Again, if you’re still not totally convinced, I believe it will become increasingly clear as we proceed through the following sections and continue to expound on these matters not only from the scriptures, but also through a well documented historical record.But before we get into the historic quotes, let’s discuss “The Lord’s Day”.
What About The Lord’s Day?
If someone tells you that Sunday (the first day of the week) is the Lord’s Day, or refers to it as such, ask them for the verse, chapter, and book from the Bible proving this designation. The term “Lord’s Day” appears only once in the entire Bible, and that’s in Revelation 1:10. While some would interpret this not even to be referring to a day of the week at all, but rather “The Day of the Lord” (1 Thes. 5:2; Am. 5:18; Ob. 1:15; Zep. 1:14; Zec. 14:1, etc. i.e. when the judgments of God are poured upon the earth at the end of the great tribulation and preceding the establishment of the Millennium Kingdom, as this is the subject of John’s vision, i.e. “Revelation”), for argument’s sake we’re going to assume it is talking about a weekly day of rest, and that, scripturally speaking (and as will be proven below), it can still only be referring to the seventh-day Sabbath. And before moving into the next section I’ll provide a historic quote I found proving where the designation of Sunday as the Lord’s day actually comes from.
But let’s start out with some simple reasoning from the scriptures. I’m going to quote once again from sabbathtruth.com as they make a rather concise argument from the scriptures:
“We shall read three simple, clear statements. First will you turn to Revelations 1:10. “I was in the spirit on the Lord’s day and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet.”
Evidently the Lord has a day. But which day is it? “For the Son of man is Lord even of the Sabbath day”–Matthew 12:8.
There must be something different about the Sabbath. Through the prophet Isaiah God speaks of the Sabbath and calls it plainly “my holy day.”–Isaiah 58:13. And no where in Scripture does He designate an other day as his. The Lord, then, has a day. And that day is the Sabbath.
But now we ask, which of the seven days is the Sabbath? We turn for our answer to the very heart of the Ten Commandments. “Remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labor, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord thy God.”-Exodus 20:8-10.
That is clear, isn’t it? Now we have learned three things. The Lord has a day. The Sabbath is the Lord’s day. The seventh day is the Sabbath.“
But then, check out this fascinating historic quote I found which proves that the designation of Lord’s day to Sunday does indeed have it’s roots in the traditions of men:
“In the year 325, Sylvester, Bishop of Rome (AD 314-347), officially changed the title of the first day, calling it the Lord’s day.”–Historia Ecclesiastica, Ludovicum Lucium p.739, 1624
But let’s reason from scripture just a little bit more before we move on. John’s gospel account is dated to have been written around 80-90AD, and his book of Revelation and general epistles around (respectively) 95 AD and 95-110 AD (and lets also keep in mind that the outpouring of Pentecost occurred shortly after the death of Christ around 31-33AD, with the Book of Acts being finished before the fall of Jerusalem in 70AD). Before the term “The Lord’s Day” appears for the first and only time in the book of Revelation (in other words as the dates above indicate, by this time all of the events that Christians use to purport Sunday worship had already occurred), its author, John, apostle to the Jews (Gal. 2:9), in his previously penned writing (gospel), refers to the first day of the week as such (i.e. never as the Lord’s day, but only as the first day of the week) every time, and likewise, he refers to the Sabbath, as such, every time. As John would have known that in the scriptures, God explicitly declares the the seventh-day Sabbath as his day, commands it to be kept, says it’s a sign between Him and his people, and furthermore that Jesus himself claimed to be Lord of the Sabbath day, and nowhere in scripture is a transfer indicated, in knowing his target audience, why would he then use the term ‘The Lord’s day’ to all the sudden refer to the first day of the week, without ever indicating the new designation either in his Gospel, general epistles, or anywhere else, which would be, especially to the Jews, historically, prophetically, and legally (Mosaic) speaking, a very radical and unprecedented change, and therefore would require explanation for them to even understand that he wasn’t actually referring to the Seventh-Day Sabbath but another day (let alone the fact they would require an explanation as to why this drastic change), unless he was in fact referring to the seventh-day Sabbath? Which makes more sense, did he assume everyone would just know what he meant/accept it without explanation? Or, rather, is it more likely that he knew the scriptures made it perfectly clear which day belonged to the Lord, and therefore there was no reason for any explanation as nothing had changed in that regard?
I believe the next step, which will really drive this point home, is to take a look at the historical record outside of the Bible, to prove that A) The primitive/truly-apostolic Church kept the Seventh-Day Sabbath, and B) That Sunday observance really has it’s origin in the traditions of sun-worship stemming from pagan and papal Rome. After that I will proceed to put the “final nail in the coffin” using Bible prophecy and current events. To keep this article at a reasonable length, I will include only a couple of the quotes I’ve discovered below, and put all of the rest of them into a post of their own which I will provide a link to at the bottom of this section:
“Widespread and enduring was the observance of the seventh-day sabbath among the believers of the church of the east and the St. Thomas Christians of India, who never were connected with Rome. It was also maintained among those bodies which broke off from Rome after the Council of Chalcedon namely, the Abyssinians, the Jacobites, the Maronites, and the Armenians.”-Schaff-Herrog. “The New Encyclopedia of of Religious Knowledge” Art. “Nestorians”; also Realencyclopaedie fur Protestantische and Kirche, art ‘Nestorianer”
“Mingana proves that as early as A.D. 225 there existed large bishoprics or conferences of the Church of the East stretching from Palestine to, and surrounding, India. In 370 Abyssinian Christianity (a Sabbathkeeping church) was so popular that its famous director, Musaeus, traveled extensively in the East promoting the church in Arabia, Persia, India, and China. In 410 Isaac, supreme director of the Church of the East, held a world council, — stimulated, some think, by the trip of Musaeus, — attended by eastern delegates from forty grand metropolitan divisions. In 411 he appointed a metropolitan director for China. These churches were sanctifying the seventh day, as can be seen by the famous testimonies of Socrates and Sozomen, Roman Catholic historians (c. A.D. 450), that all the churches throughout the world sanctified Saturday except Rome and Alexandria, which two alone exalted Sunday. A century later (c. A.D. 540) Cosmas, the celebrated world traveler, a member of the great Church of the East, testified to the multiplied number of churches of his faith he had seen in India and central Asia and to those he had learned about in Scythia and China. We wrote in previous pages of the Sabbathkeeping Irish, Scottish, Welsh, and English Churches in the British Isles during these same centuries and down to 1200. We dwelt upon the Paulicians, Petrobrusians, Passagians, Waldenses, Insabbatati, as great Sabbathkeeping bodies of Europe down to 1250. We wrote of the sabbatarians in Bohemia, Transylvania, England, and Holland between 1250 and 1600, as authenticated by Cox, Jones, Allix, and William of Neuburg. We have mentioned the innumerable Sabbath-keeping churches among the Greeks, Abyssinians, Armenians, Maronites, Jacobites, Scythians, and the great Church of the East (also from A.D. 1250 to 1600) with supporting evidence from competent authorities. The doctrines of all these Sabbathkeeping bodies throughout the centuries were comparatively pure, and the lives of their members were simple and holy. They were free from the unscriptural ceremonies which arose from the following of tradition. They received the Old Testament, and the whole Bible was their authority.“-Mingana, “Early Spread of Christianity,” Bulletin of John Ryland’s Library, vol. 10, p. 460.
“The Papal author, Bonacursus, wrote the following against the “Pasagani”: “Not a few, but many know what are the errors of those who are called Pasagini…First, they teach that we should obey the Sabbath, furthermore, to increase their error, they condemn and reject all the church fathers, and the whole Roman Church.”-D’Achery, Spicilegium I, f. 211-214; Muratory, sevi. 5, f. 152, Hahn, 3, 209
“There is much evidence that the Sabbath prevailed in Wales universally until A.D. 1115, when the first Roman Bishop was seated at St. Davids. The old Welsh Sabbath-keeping churches did not even then altogether bow the knee to Rome but fled to their hiding places.“-Seventh day Baptists in Europe and America, Vol. 1, p. 29
“It seems to have been customary in the celtic churches of early times, in Ireland as well as Scotland, to keep Saturday, The Jewish Sabbath, as a day of rest from labour. They obeyed the Fourth Commandment literally upon the seventh day of the week.“-Professor James C. Moffatt, D.D. Professor of Church History at Princeton, The Church in Scotland, pg. 140
“The people of Constantinople, and almost everywhere, assemble together on the Sabbath, as well as on the first day of the week, which custom is never observed at Rome or at Alexandria“-Ecclesiastical History by Socrates, Book 7, Chap. 19
“The retention of the old pagan name of Dies Solis, for Sunday is, in a great measure, owing to the union of pagan and Christian sentiment with which the first day of the week was recommended by Constantine to his subjects – pagan and Christian alike – as the ‘venerable’ day of the sun.” –Arthur P. Stanley, History of the Eastern Church, p. 184
“But since Saturday [7th day], not Sunday is specified in the Bible, isn’t it curious that non-Catholics who profess to take their religion directly form the bible and not from the Church, observe Sunday instead of Saturday? Yes, of course, it is inconsistent; but this change was made about fifteen centuries before Protestantism was born, and by that time the custom was universally observed. They have continued the custom, even though it rests upon the authority of the Catholic Church and not upon an explicit text in the Bible. That observance remains a reminder of the Mother Church from which the non-Catholic sects broke away—like a boy running away from home but still carrying in his pocket a picture of his mother or a lock of her hair.”-John O’Brien (Catholic Priest), The Faith of Millions (scan)
“There was and is a commandment to keep holy the Sabbath day, but that Sabbath day was not Sunday. It will be said, however, and with some show of triumph, that the Sabbath was transferred from the seventh to the first day of the week …. Where can the record of such a transaction be found? Not in the New Testament absolutely not…To me it seems unaccountable that Jesus, during three years’ intercourse with His disciples, often conversing with them upon the Sabbath question . . . never alluded to any transference of the day; also, that during forty days of His resurrection life, no such thing was intimated…Of course, I quite well know that Sunday did come into use in early Christian history . . . . But what a pity it comes branded with the mark of paganism, and christened with the name of the sun god, adopted and sanctioned by the papal apostasy, and bequeathed as a sacred legacy to Protestantism!”-Dr. Edward T. Hiscox (Baptist Minister), a paper read before a New York ministers’ conference, Nov. 13, 1893, reported in New York Examiner, Nov.16, 1893.
“Q: Which day is the Sabbath? A: Saturday is the Sabbath. Q: Why do we observe Sunday instead of the Saturday A: We observe Sunday instead of Saturday because the Catholic Church in the Council of Laodicea (364 AD) transferred the solemnity from Saturday to Sunday. [cannon 29]” –The Converts Catechism, Peter Giermann, page 50. (This catechism received the pope’s blessing on January 25, 1910)
“Deny the authority of the Church and you have no adequate or reasonable explanation or justification for the substitution of Sunday for Saturday in the Third – Protestant Fourth – Commandment of God… The Church is above the Bible, and this transference of Sabbath observance is proof of that fact.”-Catholic Record, September 1, 1923
“Q: Have you any other way of proving that the [Catholic] Church has power to institute festivals of precept [to command holy days]? A: Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all modern religionists agree with her: She could not have substituted the observance of Sunday the first day of the week, for the observance of Saturday the seventh day, a change for which there is no Scriptural authority.” -Stephen Keenan, A Doctrinal Catechism, page 174
To see all the other historic quotes I’ve found (71 more to be exact), from many different sources testifying the same, click ***HERE.***
Now that we’ve proven which day the primitive church kept, as well as where Sunday observance comes from, now is probably a good time to address, for anyone who may not already be aware, that the Roman Catholic Papacy is actually the Antichrist Beast system prophesied throughout the Bible both Old and New Testaments. This is not a new notion by any means, but was the generally accepted belief held by the reformers, which was actually birthed out of the Catholic church, through certain men such as the monk Martin Luther who had access to the sacred scriptures. In fact, this conviction actually served as the basis of the reformation, as there was left no room for doubt in light of her fruit when compared to the prophecies and precepts of the Inspired Scriptures. You see, up until this point in history, only the priests had access to the sacred scriptures, and only they and certain rich nobles had the ability to read & write. Their was no middle class, public education, nationality, freedom of speech, invention, religion, etc. Hence why this period is called “The Dark Ages”. The papacy would go on to desperately try and keep the sacred scriptures out of the hands of anyone but her priests, often resorting to torture and bloodshed. Those who, among being illuminated by the Holy Writ, sought to get them into the hands of the common man to create a better world, found their works consigned to the flames, as well as many, in the end, their own bodies, as they were martyred for their cause.
For a more thorough investigation on the subject of identifying the antichrist using scripture and history refer to my post “Using the Bible to Identify Antichrist“.
A Change Prophesied
As it turns out, evidently God thought this change of the Sabbath by the final antichrist beast system to be quite significant as He inspired it to prophesied in Daniel 7:25 where it says she’d “think to change times and laws.” But let’s consult the very writings of the Church of Rome regarding these matters just to be sure we’re interpreting the scriptures correctly:
“The Pope has the power to change times, to abrogate [change] laws,“-Decretal, de Tranlatic Episcop. Cap. (The Pope can modify divine law.) Ferraris’ Ecclesiastical Dictionary
“The Pope is of great authority and power that he can modify [change], explain, or interpret even divine laws… The Pope can modify [change] divine law…“-Lucius Ferraris, Prompta Ribliotheca, “Papa” art. 2, translated.
“Had she not such power, she could not have done that in which all modern religionists agree with her;–she could not have substituted the observance of Sunday the first day of the week, for the observance of Saturday the seventh day, a change for which there is no Scriptural authority.“-Rev. Stephan Keenan, A doctrinal Catechism, On the Obedience Due to the Church, Ch. 3, p.174 (Imprimatur, John Cardinal McCloskey, archbishop of New York)”
But that’s just the beginning. Lets continue to see what else we can glean from scripture.
The Seal of God and The Mark of The Beast
There’s a been lot of confusion and speculation about what the “mark of the beast” spoken of in Revelation 13:16-17 could be. The most common held belief today is that it will be some sort of an RFID chip implanted under the skin, or a tattoo. Right away this should send up red flags. If either were actually the case, don’t you think it would be way to obvious and nobody would go for it knowing the eternal consequences? Indeed, the devil, who hates and therefore seeks to utterly destroy mankind, and who the Bible refers to as “wily” (Eph. 6:11), is much smarter and more subtle than that, and therefore the most effective way for him to achieve his end is through trickery and deception. The Bible says he “deceiveth the whole world” to the extent that “if it were possible..[even] the very elect.” (Rev. 12:9, Matt. 24:24) . That’s why I believe there’s been so much misinformation (i.e. innocent but nonetheless demonically inspired), as well as outright disinformation (i.e. intentional) circulating around regarding this subject. Perpetuating and contributing this is confusion is what’s known as “Dispensational Futurism” or the notion that the antichrist hasn’t yet been revealed, a doctrine mastered and promulgated by the Jesuits through their conquering of modern churches/theology the world over.
As it turns out, and as I will prove between this section and the next (which will based on current events), the “mark of the beast” actually revolves around this Sabbath vs. Sunday issue. We shall start rather broad and by the end of the section really narrow in proving beyond any shadow of a doubt that this can be the only accurate interpretation of scripture.
The first thing we need to establish is that the distinguishing feature of the true and faithful church of Christ, which “had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands” (Rev. 20:4) versus the false and apostate churches, will be that they “keep the commandments of God” (Rev. 12:17, 14:12). So we know it must have to do with something in violation to the 10 Commandments. I think it goes without saying that most professing Christians aren’t going around esteeming it okay to commit murder, adultery, lie, steal, bow down to idols, etc. But the 4th commandment to keep the seventh-day Sabbath, the only one of the ten commandments which begins with the word “Remember“, is the only one which has been nearly universally forgotten/rejected by all of Christendom.
Another interesting point is, if you look at the definition in Strong’s Concordance for underlying Greek (Anomia) of”iniquity” as it occurs in Matthew 7:21-23 where Christ warns us He’ll be forced to tell many professing believers that He never knew them, you’ll find that it states that it’s derived from the Greek word “Anomos“, which it defines as “not subject to (the Jewish) law“, i.e. the moral law or Ten Commandments. In other words the defining principle of those “Christians” that are damned will be that they forsook either a part of or the whole of the commandments.
Furthermore, according to Revelation 12:14, 17, we know that the true church will only be a “remnant”, and that of the church of the “wilderness”. Wilderness being symbolic of seclusion or obscurity. And of course history tells us that groups such as the Waldenses and Albigenses, who were part of the original apostolic succession, and sought to keep all the 10 commandments including the seventh-day (see section E) Historic Quotes above for this evidence), for which reason they were persecuted, were literally forced to flee into the wilderness of the mountains, forests, and caves during the persecution of the Papacy in the dark ages. So in other words the true church in the closing events of this age will be a spiritual remnant of groups such as the Waldenses, i.e. as in having the same principles of of purity and especially an adherence to sound doctrine and worship in spirit and truth by upholding the Bible and it alone as the final authority while utterly rejecting the traditions of men.
You see, the reason in the book of Revelation the mark is identified as being associated with the hand and the forehead, is because the hands are symbolic not only of action in general, but also of working/making a living, or, the opposite side of the same coin, not-working, i.e. rest. While the head is symbolic of our mind, or how we think and worship, or that which we honor and give heed to. In other words, putting the two together, what day we acknowledge as sanctified for cessation of work/rest and worship. It will be either GOD‘s commanded day based on the scriptures, or MAN‘s commanded day based on tradition. In fact almost the exact same phraseology regarding the hand and forehead is used in Deuteronomy 6:8 in the very context of observing the 10 commandments, immediately after they were given to the children of Israel. (See also Ezekiel 9:4-6, 2 Corinthians 1:21-22)
You see, in this present age in which we live, there is no neutrality (Mt. 12:30). Everyone who is living will either receive the Mark of God or Mark of the beast. So how can we be absolutely 100% sure what this mark is, and that we’re not just speculating so what we may be prepared and not be deceived? The good news is the Lord has provided us with his inspired Word, which when rightly divided, provides the key to our security in Christ.
The first thing to establish is that a ‘mark’ is the same thing as a ‘sign’ and/or ‘seal’, I will demonstrate this below using the Bible and the dictionary.
Webster’s 1828 dictionary defines a ‘mark‘ as “Any note or sign of distinction; The Lord set a mark upon Cain. Genesis 4:15.“, “A character made by a person who cannot write his name, and intended as a substitute for it“, or “Any visible effect of force or agency.”
And based on Romans 4:11 we know that a sign is the same as a seal: “And he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness”
So, it’s the Mark/Seal of God, which is in the forehead (Rev 7:1-3; 9:4) VS. the Mark/Seal of the Beast, which is in the forehead (Rev 13:16; 14:9). Again, the forehead is symbolic of mind, it’s not a literal mark, all we have to do is look in the Bible as to what God’s sign/mark/seal was in the past to understand this to be true (Ezek. 20:20).
Just like any seal, whether it be a state seal, presidential seal, or the wax seals used by in kings in antiquity, the purpose is to show the legal power behind it. Based on the Holy Scriptures we know that God’s seal is in his Law (Heb. 8:10), which is written in our hearts by the Spirit of God (2 Cor. 3:3). But let’s consider a couple more scriptures to just to be sure this is an accurate interpretation:
“Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples.“-Isaiah 8:16
“And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby ye are sealed unto the day of redemption.”-Ephesians 4:30
Now we know that historically the mark/sign/seal of God’s people was the Sabbath (Ezek. 20:12; 20:20; which, the reason it’s referred to in the plural in that scripture, by the way, is because it’s referring to the Sabbath collectively, or in other words through the weeks, months, and years; or i.e. indicating a perpetual Sabbath keeping.)
Let’s dissect this issue a little further to confirm that this is still the case and that nothing has changed.
The constituents of every authentic/legal seal or signature are threefold. In order for it to be official, and to avoid ambiguity, 3 distinguishing factors must be present: The Name of Lawgiver, Their Distinguishing Title, and their Territory of Rule over which they Exercise this power, i.e. their Jurisdiction.
For example let’s examine this official statement by Jimmy Carter during his presidency. It contains his:
NAME: Jimmy Carter
JURISDICTION: United States
Now, considering this model, and bearing in mind as demonstrated above that according to the Bible the seal of God has something to do with the law of God, it’s time to consult the 10-commandments as recorded in Exodus 20:3-17. And of course what one will find is there’s only one commandment in law of God that contains seal of God, i.e. his Name, Title, and Jurisdiction, and that’s the 4th Commandment to keep the Sabbath:
NAME: JEHOVAH ELOHIM, or “LORD thy God”, see Is. 42:8 (v.10)
TITLE: Creator/Maker: indicated by “made” (v.11)
JURISDICTION: His creation or: “Heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is” (v.11)
You see, throughout scripture the fact that God is the creator is the defining principle that’s used to distinguish him from the false gods and idols as the only true God (Ps 96:5, Is 40:28, Ps 111:4) as it’s likewise contained 4th commandment, and which it’s a memorial of. Likewise therefore, it must be the observance of this specific commandment of the ten commandments that serves as the seal and identifies worship and allegiance to the one true God and religion. Destroy the seal, and you destroy the validity of it’s object.
And thus can you see how the Sabbath would be incompatible and present a problem for a one-world ecumenical religion? Think about it, if they kept the Sabbath, they’d be placing themselves under Jehovah’s banner, and therefore giving a spiritual ‘nod’ to the credence and authority of the Holy Bible and subsequently their disobedience to it, and hence why they are spiritually driven to keep Sunday.
And by the way, if you want proof Sabbath-keeping is sign/mark just start telling all your co-workers, family, friends, and fellow Christians that you keep the Sabbath and will not work on that day as you reject Sunday, and just observe the stir it will create, and notoriety, as others deem you quite peculiar at best (1 Pet. 2:9).
So, now that we’ve absolutely and categorically determined what the mark/seal/sign of God is using the scriptures specifically dealing with that issue, let’s further unveil the mark/seal/sign of the beast from another angle.
As can be proven using quotes from her own church fathers, the Popes of the Roman Catholic papacy, which is identified in prophecy as the beast, claim to be God on earth (See Section #8 of my post titled “Using the Bible to Identify Antichrist“), and thus fulfill 2 Thess. 2:3-4. So therefore the Catholic Church and her claims of authority are in direct competition to God and His Word.
And in examining the final Three Angel’s Message of Revelation 14:6-7, 9-11 given to man to be preached before the pouring out of the plagues culminating in the second coming, we see an explicit command to worship creator which is presented as a parallel of 4th commandment, contrasted with the worshiping beast/receiving his mark. So it’s one or the other. And then it goes on to say in verse 12 that the saints keep commandments of God, further reinforcing that the mark/sign/seal of the beast must be something in violation of commandments of God.
The question was asked did the catholic church change the sabbath from the seventh day to the first day? “Of course the Catholic Church claims that the change was her act…And the act is a mark of her ecclesiastical power and authority in religious matters“-Letter from C.F. Thomas, Chancellor of Cardinal Gibbons on October 28, 1895
“Who gave the Pope the authority to change a command of God? If the Bible is the only guide for the Christian, then the Seventh Day Adventist is right in observing the Saturday with the Jew. But Catholics learn what to believe and do from the divine, infallible authority established by Jesus Christ, the Catholic Church, which in Apostolic times made Sunday the day of rest to honor our Lord’s resurrection on that day, and to mark off clearly the Jew from the Christian…Is it not strange that those who make the Bible their only teacher should inconsistently follow in this matter the tradition of the Church?“-The Question Box by B. L. Conway Apostle to Non-Catholics, with preface by Cardinal Gibbons, 1909, Pgs 254-255
“Thus the observance of Sunday by the Protestants is a homage they pay, in spite of themselves, to the authority of the (Catholic) Church“-Louis Gaston Segur, Plain Talk About The Protestantism of To-Day, 1874
“Christ gave to the church the power to make laws binding upon the conscience. Show me one sect that claims or possesses the power to do so save the Catholic Church. There is none, and yet all Christendom acknowledges the power of the church to do so, as I will prove to you. For example, the observance of Sunday. How can other denominations keep this day? The Bible commands you to keep the Sabbath day. Sunday is not the Sabbath day; no man dare assert that it is; for the Bible says as plainly as words can make it, that the seventh day is the Sabbath, i.e. Saturday; for we know Sunday to be the first day of the week. Besides, the Jews have been keeping the Sabbath day unto the present time. I am not a rich man, but I will give $1,000 to any man who will prove by the Bible alone that Sunday is the day we are bound to keep. No, it cannot be done; it is impossible. The observance of Sunday is solely a law of the Catholic Church, and therefore is not binding upon others. The church changed the Sabbath to Sunday, and all the world bows down and worships upon that day in silent obedience to the mandates of the Catholic Church. Is this not a living miracle that those who hate us so bitterly, obey and acknowledge our power every week, and DO NOT KNOW IT?”– Father T. Enright, Catholic priest in the opera-house in Hartford, Kansas, Feb. 18, 1884, as reported in the Hartford Weekly Call of February 22
“Practically everything Protestants regard as essential or important they have received from the Catholic Church… The Protestant mind does not seem to realize that in accepting the Bible and observing the Sunday, in keeping Christmas and Easter, they are accepting the authority of the spokesman for the church, the Pope.“-Our Sunday Visitor (February 5, 1950)
“Who Do We Reverence and Pay Homage to by Keeping Sunday Holy? From this we may understand how great is the authority of the church in interpreting or explaining to us the commandments of God – an authority which is acknowledged by the universal practice of the whole Christian world, even of those sects which profess to take the holy Scriptures as their sole rule of faith, since they observe as the day of rest not the seventh day of the week demanded by the Bible, but the first day. Which we know is to be kept holy, only from the tradition and teaching of the Catholic church.“–Henry Gibson, Catechism Made Easy, #2, 9th edition, vol. 1, pp. 341-342
“It is not yet too late for Protestants to redeem themselves. Will they do it? Will they stand consistently upon the Protestant profession? Or will they still continue to occupy the “indefensible, self-contradictory, and suicidal” position of professing to be Protestants, yet standing on Catholic ground, receiving Catholic insult, and bearing Catholic condemnation? Will they indeed take the written word only, the Scripture alone, as their sole authority and their sole standard? Or will they still hold the “indefensible, self-contradictory, and suicidal” doctrine and practice of following the authority of the Catholic Church and of wearing the SIGN of her authority? Will they keep the Sabbath of the Lord, the seventh day, according to Scripture? Or will they keep the Sunday according to the tradition of the Catholic Church?“-Rome’s Challenge, p. 31
(Again, see the link at the bottom of section E) Historic Quotes for many more examples.)
So by this point, I believe that readers who’re willing to be honest with themselves will agree that it’s been satisfactorily demonstrated simply and clearly: it’s either the MARK OF GOD i.e. the Sabbath, or the MARK OF BEAST i.e. the Counterfeit Sabbath. Both the scriptures and the church of Rome speak in express terms that the day which we honor shows to whom is our allegiance and who’s authority we acknowledge, and that there can be no compromise or “middle of the road” solution.
Some pivotal scriptures to consider:
“Know ye not, that to whom ye yield yourselves servants to obey, his servants ye are to whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?“-Rom 6:16
“But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.“-Matt 15:9
“Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I command you“-Deut 4:2
“And he brought me into the inner court of the Lord‘s house, and, behold, at the door of the temple of the Lord, between the porch and the altar, were about five and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the Lord, and their faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east“-Ezek. 8:16
So, in light of everything we’ve covered so far in this section, isn’t it interesting how when we read Revelation 14:11 we find it states that those who receive the mark of the beast “have no rest” right before it goes on to say in the next verse that the saints keep the commandments? Indeed, while the disobedient may still have a day of physical rest from work, that doesn’t mean they will receive the spiritual rest and rejuvenation which comes only as a gift from God.
According to Leslie Hardinge’s work “Shadows of His Sacrifice”, which deals with the prophetic symbolism of the Hebrew Sanctuary of the Old Testament, the Etymology of the word Sabbath is actually as follows:
Two Words: SAB and BATH
Root of Sab = Ab = Father
SAB = Learned Master
SAHIB = Revered Sir; Father
Root of ATH = OTH = SIGN
Prefix “B” indicated DWELLING PLACE
[as in Bethlehem-dwelling or house of bread]
SABBATH = THE DWELLING PLACE OF THE SIGN or THE SEAL OF THE FATHER
a SIGN that
1. God is our Creator
2. God is our Sanctifier
3. God is our Rest
4. We are His people
5. We keep His commandments
(As Taken from the great researcher and man of God Jim Arrabito’s “Babylon is Fallen” Series.)
And historically speaking, what do we find the consequences were for those who would not bow down to Rome and worship according to her false doctrines? They weren’t allowed to buy or sell:
“For all purposes, an accused heretic was denied the ability to buy or sell goods, services and properties if he refused to acknowledge and worship the True Physical Presence of Jesus in the Eucharist”-Graven Bread, Kauffman, 61,137
“By an edict which he issued to unite all men in one faith, whether Jews, Gentiles, or Christians, such as did not, in the term of three months, embrace and profess the Catholic faith, were declared infamous, and, as such, excluded from all employments both civil and militarily, rendered incapable of leaving anything by will, and their estates confiscated, whether real or personal. These were convincing arguments of the truth of the Catholic faith; but many, however, withstood them; and against such as did the imperial edict was executed with the utmost rigor. Great numbers were driven from their habitants with their wives and children, stripped and naked. Others betook themselves to flight, carrying with them what they could conceal, for their support and maintenance; but they were plundered of the little they had, and many of them inhumanly massacred by the Catholic peasants, or the soldiery, who guarded the passes.“-The History of the Popes by Archibald Bower, Vol. 1, pg. 334
“The central theme of the Inquisitions was the Eucharist, and the punishments consistently were fiscal and economic restrictions, and death by various means for those who refused to bow to the bread of the altar….”-Graven Bread, Kauffman, 62
So why then should we expect that in the future when the devil, through the Papacy and her daughter agenices, starts persecuting the true church openly again, that she will not once again resort to this method? And since her end-goal is unity of Christendom through ecumenicism, knowing that protestants wont accept the Eucharist/transubstantiation but that they do almost universally observe Sunday, why wouldn’t she use that as her in-road? Especially when at this particular time in history there are even atheist and secular organizations forming under the banners of Sunday (see “The Writing on The Wall” subsection of G) Current Events).
Another interesting note before we segue into the final section; in considering that the Papacy is the primary organization by which the devil is using to set up his kingdom, is that what one finds when they study the occult and false religions of the world is that in nearly every way, the devil, in seeking to be worshiped and “be like the most high” (Is. 14:14) essentially mimics and counterfeits everything from God’s heavenly sanctuary, as well as the functioning order which He’s established for the true religion of His people. So of course it only makes sense that Satan would want his own special day. And why wouldn’t it be Sunday as nearly all the false religions with which he’s deceived the world either revolve around or incorporate sun worship?
(NOTE: While sunday is the beast’s (which comes from the sea, Revelation 13) mark according to her own admission, it doesn’t become the salvation issue described as the signal final event at the end of the world and return of Christ, until it’s enforced by the government universally, as a whole day devoted to religious observance, and on which work is altogether forbidden.)
Not only have Sunday laws actually existed and been enforced before at various times throughout history, for instance under Constantine of Ancient Rome, Oliver Cromwell of England, various places during the Middle Ages, but even here in America during colonial times, through the legislation of the Puritans (see article here for more info.) And as a matter of fact, even today in the 21st century, we find that most federal and state government establishments close for Sunday, as well as many family owned businesses. Also in many states there are certain restrictions for Sunday activity such as the sale of alcohol, the sale of vehicles, and hunting bans as a result of the “blue laws” which were passed by the Supreme Court under our first Roman Catholic president, J.F.K. (Another great article on the history of Sunday Law in the U.S. here; and for more info on Sunday Laws that exist currently here.)
The Watchmen’s Cry
Are you starting to see the big picture yet? All the sudden this whole thing doesn’t sound quite so kooky or trivial anymore does it? Indeed, there have been men and woman of God outside of the Bible warning about this for at least over a hundreds of years. I will cite a few examples below with which I’ve become familiar.
(Disclaimer: I will be quoting some individuals below associated with the Seventh Day Adventist church, please understand and note, as I’ve already stated, I’m non-denominational. The Bible is my religion. I’M NOT A S.D.A., nor do I esteem Ellen White a prophetess. I have to make this clear, because labeling everyone who keeps the Sabbath as a S.D.A (which is a CULT, i.e. a cult being defined as having extra-biblical texts and/or prophets) has been one way the devil’s been able to get the majority of people to not even consider investigating the Sabbath issue, which is so clearly a biblically based doctrine. I believe that all denominations have held a certain degree of truth, while at the same time being severely compromised with the traditions of men and religious confusion, by esteeming doctrines not based solely on the Bible or that are based on faulty interpretations resulting from not rightly dividing the Word of truth. Naturally S.D.A.’s understood the Sabbath issue and thus their people have been the most outspoken regarding it. But in any case, The ex-Jesuit priest, Alberto Rivera, in his interview featured in Jim Arrabito’s documentary “Jesuits Behind the Door” (what would turn out to be Jim’s last published work before his untimely death) made it perfectly clear that the S.D.A. as well as ALL other mainstream church denominations have been infiltrated (See also Rivera’s Tract “The Godfathers“), so don’t think I’m advocating any denomination over another. After all, the underlying Greek for the word church in the New Testament, “Ekklesia” referred to the people themselves, not a denomination or a building! It’s also worth noting that there are many other Ministries/denominations out there that are preaching the Sabbath/Sunday message such as “The Seventh Day Remnant Church“, “Church of God-Preparing For The Kingdom of God“, “The Continuing Church of God“, “Amazing Facts Ministries“, “Hearing the Truth Ministries“, “Thirsty for Truth Ministries” just to name a few (and no I’m not necessarily recommending you join them either!))
Ron Wyatt (1933-1999), an archaeologist who discovered the Ark of the Covenant January of 1982 said that he met an angel at the site who told him that man-made laws were going to be enforced which were contrary to the law of God, and that that would be the mark of the beast (see 6:50-8:20). Ron maintained this as being true unto the end of his life, and specifically referred to it as Sunday Laws in his deathbed interview (see 17:00-18:00, transcript in info.)
Jim Arrabito (1950-1990), a photographer, painter, and “lay preacher” who decided to give up his career as an artist to devote his life to researching and preaching the truth, through giving seminars and producing documentaries, with the central theme being the history of the primitive apostolic church, religions of the world, and the occult/new world order; also maintained that the Sabbath would be the distinguishing mark of God’s true people and that Sunday was the mark of the beast and would eventually be enforced. This is best exemplified in his work “Maybe on Sunday” which is a drama-documentary.
Ellen G. White (1827-1915), best known as one of the founders of the Seventh Day Adventist church had the following to say (again, I don’t necessarily think she was a prophetess, but nonetheless I believe the quote below perhaps has some merit and is therefore worth reflecting upon):
“Fearful is the issue to which the world is to be brought. The powers of earth, uniting to war against the commandments of God, will decree that “all, both small and great, rich and poor, free and bond” (Revelation 13:16), shall conform to the customs of the church by the observance of the false sabbath. All who refuse compliance will be visited with civil penalties, and it will finally be declared that they are deserving of death. On the other hand, the law of God enjoining the Creator’s rest day demands obedience and threatens wrath against all who transgress its precepts. With the issue thus clearly brought before him, whoever shall trample upon God’s law to obey a human enactment receives the mark of the beast; he accepts the sign of allegiance to the power which he chooses to obey instead of God. The warning from heaven is: “If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, the same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of His indignation.” Revelation 14:9, 10.
But not one is made to suffer the wrath of God until the truth has been brought home to his mind and conscience, and has been rejected. There are many who have never had an opportunity to hear the special truths for this time. The obligation of the fourth commandment has never been set before them in its true light. He who reads every heart and tries every motive will leave none who desire a knowledge of the truth, to be deceived as to the issues of the controversy. The decree is not to be urged upon the people blindly. Everyone is to have sufficient light to make his decision intelligently. The Sabbath will be the great test of loyalty, for it is the point of truth especially controverted. When the final test shall be brought to bear upon men, then the line of distinction will be drawn between those who serve God and those who serve Him not. While the observance of the false sabbath in compliance with the law of the state, contrary to the fourth commandment, will be an avowal of allegiance to a power that is in opposition to God, the keeping of the true Sabbath, in obedience to God’s law, is an evidence of loyalty to the Creator. While one class, by accepting the sign of submission to earthly powers, receive the mark of the beast, the other choosing the token of allegiance to divine authority, receive the seal of God.” -Ellen G. White: In the book The Great Controversy, page 605”
The Writing on the Wall
At the link below you will find many examples of recent Sunday legislation news headlines, current events, emerging organizations, and other subtle propaganda pushing for Sunday observance.
The Final Analysis
I believe that what’s going to happen, and when we’re finally going to see this whole thing come to full fruition, is at the point when the judgements of God upon our nation and the world become so undeniably evident with the severity and coalescence of natural disasters, famine, pestilence, infestations of wild beasts, civil discord, war, terrorism, sexual immorality, theft, vandalism, etc. people will be forced to acknowledge the spiritual nature of the problems. Then, this will give the beast/woman papacy through the various civil government agencies she now controls (See Rev. 17:18, also Section #3 of my article “Using the Bible to Identify Antichrist“), and the false-prophet apostate protestant churches which are also run by her coadjutors, the opportunity to use the the truth of “God’s judging us for turning our backs on Him” to usher in the final pieces of the new world order, namely a false revival of Christianity and worldwide religion united by sunday-keeping, through enforcing by civil law the attendance of a church, religious service, or “secular” fellowship (Rev. 13:11-12).
The aforementioned conditions which will preface this are not only be the result of sin taken to its extreme, which is the natural course/continuum resulting from the unchecked depravity of mankind, but also because of God’s judgement upon a people embracing and totally giving themselves over to sin and lawlessness.
Now, it’s worth mentioning that there’s also actually a deliberate design to manufacture these very conditions by the secret societies which run all facets of government, culture, and education today (bear in mind, all roads lead to rome.) The logic is essentially as follows:
“How will we get the world to accept our religion? 1) We’ll create the problem/conditions, with respect to our desired outcome. 2) This will cause populous to react and seek an answer. 3) Then we can conveniently propose our desired solution, and in their desperation they will gladly embrace it”.
This is known as the Hegalian Dialect, and it’s been used throughout history, and is best epitomized by the motto of the Jesuits “ad majorem dei gloriam”, which essentially means “the end justifies the means“, or in other words, even if they have to kill millions, if it’s in the name of “God”, “world peace”, and “unity” then it’s excusable and ultimately worth it.
But let’s not forget, the fact that God has allowed this worldwide coup d’etat to take place at all, is in itself a form of Judgment against apostasy and brazen sin.
How to Keep It & Objections Answered
Now that we’ve established the true Sabbath and the importance of its observance, the next question should naturally be, “how then does one do that in accordance to the scriptures?” At this point I should probably start by addressing some of the most common objections raised by those who reject Sabbath keeping. Also be sure to check out section C) Sunday of this thread where I refute the pretenses based on the scriptures which are most often used to justify of Sunday worship as a substitution of the Sabbath.
Colossians 2:16, Romans 14:5
The first objection(s) we’ll deal with essentially revolve around the above two scriptures of the New Testament, which are used to justify: “Every day is my Sabbath, because Christ fulfilled it” or “As long as we devote one day a week to God, it doesn’t matter which one“.
Lets just start with some simple reasoning regarding the above objections, taken at face value, before really dissecting the scriptures in question, in seeking to come to a conclusion that’s based on the context of the whole of Scripture.
As for the former objection, according to Exodus and elsewhere in the Bible, keeping the Sabbath is defined as NOT WORKING. So unless the individual making such a claim is unemployed and not doing any physical work, neither scholarly/mental (secular), nor engaging in any commerce, everyday of the week, then their argument falls apart on those ground alone. But furthermore, if they’re going to be consistent with that line of reasoning, in attempting to spiritualize-away the law, then the same person might as well also be claiming to be free to lie, steal, commit murder, dishonour parents etc. And regarding the later objection, the Bible only ever indicates that one day of the week was sanctified (set apart) and blessed for holy use and purposes, and that’s the seventh-day Sabbath (Gen. 2:2; Ex. 20:11, Hebrews 4:4). This is obviously contrary to “any day I choose that suites me”.
But let’s see what the Apostle Paul was really trying to say in Colossians 2:16 by consulting the expositors, who reason based on an extensive knowledge and study of the Word and history:
“Or of the Sabbath days – Greek, “of the Sabbaths.” The word Sabbath in the Old Testament is applied not only to the seventh day, but to all the days of holy rest that were observed by the Hebrews, and particularly to the beginning and close of their great festivals. There is, doubtless, reference to those days in this place, since the word is used in the plural number, and the apostle does not refer particularly to the Sabbath properly so called. There is no evidence from this passage that he would teach that there was no obligation to observe any holy time, for there is not the slightest reason to believe that he meant to teach that one of the ten commandments had ceased to be binding on mankind. If he had used the word in the singular number – “the Sabbath,” it would then, of course, have been clear that he meant to teach that that commandment had ceased to be binding, and that a Sabbath was no longer to be observed. But the use of the term in the plural number, and the connection, show that he had his eye on the great number of days which were observed by the Hebrews as festivals, as a part of their ceremonial and typical law, and not to the moral law, or the Ten Commandments. No part of the moral law – no one of the ten commandments could be spoken of as “a shadow of good things to come.” These commandments are, from the nature of moral law, of perpetual and universal obligation“-Albert Barnes (1798-1840), Commentary on Colossians 2:16
“the sabbath—Omit “THE,” which is not in the Greek (compare Note, see on Ga 4:10). “Sabbaths” (not “the sabbaths”) of the day of atonement and feast of tabernacles have come to an end with the Jewish services to which they belonged (Le 23:32, 37-39). The weekly sabbath rests on a more permanent foundation, having been instituted in Paradise to commemorate the completion of creation in six days. Le 23:38 expressly distinguished “the sabbath of the Lord” from the other sabbaths. A positive precept is right because it is commanded, and ceases to be obligatory when abrogated; a moral precept is commanded eternally, because it is eternally right. If we could keep a perpetual sabbath, as we shall hereafter, the positive precept of the sabbath, one in each week, would not be needed. Heb 4:9, “rests,” Greek, “keeping of sabbath” (Isa 66:23). But we cannot, since even Adam, in innocence, needed one amidst his earthly employments; therefore the sabbath is still needed and is therefore still linked with the other nine commandments, as obligatory in the spirit, though the letter of the law has been superseded by that higher spirit of love which is the essence of law and Gospel alike (Ro 13:8-10)“-Jamieson-Fausset-Brown (1871), Commentary on Colossians 2:16
So what about Romans 14:5 you ask? Let’s start by considering the context. The apostle Paul was writing to Gentile Christians who were being judged by certain Jewish believers who were still keeping the annual (yearly) Sabbaths, or in other words the high feast days of the ceremonial law and other non-moral laws such as circumcision. But once again, just to be sure, let’s consult the expositors:
“(1) the discussion had reference only to the special customs of the “Jews,” to the rites and practices which “they” would attempt to impose on the Gentiles, and not to any questions which might arise among Christians as “Christians.” The inquiry pertained to “meats,” and festival observances among the Jews, and to their scruples about partaking of the food offered to idols, etc.; and there is no more propriety in supposing that the subject of the Lord’s day is introduced here than that he advances principles respecting “baptism” and “the Lord’s supper.” The “Lord’s day” was doubtless observed by “all” Christians, whether converted from Jews or Gentiles; see 1 Corinthians 16:2; Acts 20:7; Revelation 1:10; compare the notes at John 20:26. The propriety of observing “that day” does not appear to have been a matter of controversy. The only inquiry was, whether it was proper to add to that the observance of the Jewish Sabbaths, and days of festivals and fasts.“-Albert Barnes (1798-1840), Commentary on Romans 14:5
“One man esteemeth one day above another,…therefore, that it must be understood of Jewish days, or of such as were appointed to be observed by the Jews under the former dispensation, and which some thought were still to be regarded; wherefore they esteemed some days in the year above others, as the days of unleavened bread, or the passover; particularly the first night, which was a night to be observed throughout their generations; and in their service for it to this day, use these words, , “how different is this night from every other night” (n)? and the feast of tabernacles, especially the last and great day of the feast, and the day of Pentecost; also one day in a month above others, the first day of the month, or new moon…“-John Gill (1697-1771), Commentary on Romans 14:5
For a further investigation into this particular objection I would recommend checking out the sermon “Were the 10-Commandments Nailed to The Cross?” and “God’s Special Day” by Byron Spears (who known as “The Walking Bible”as he knew the Bible so well he preached nearly entirely from memory.)
The next major objection you’ll hear people saying is that it’s “impossible to keep the Sabbath” by pointing to scriptures such as Exodus 35:3 and claiming that this means if you even turn on a light in your home, start the car, use the stove, etc. you’ve already broke the Sabbath. Well, on the surface that sure sounds like it could be right, but let’s see what the Bible commentators had to say about this particular scripture, because there’s a specific context from which this scripture is taken from that indicates it was a temporary command regarding the building of the Levitical Sanctuary in wilderness, which we’ll find was historically understood:
“Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day. This law seems to be a temporary one, and not to be continued, nor is it said to be throughout their generations as elsewhere, where the law of the sabbath is given or repeated; it is to be restrained to the building of the tabernacle, and while that was about, to which it is prefaced; and it is designed to prevent all public or private working on the sabbath day, in anything belonging to that; having no fire to heat their tools or melt their metal, or do any thing for which that was necessary; for it can hardly be thought that this is to be taken in the strictest sense, as an entire prohibition of kindling a fire and the use of it on that day, which is so absolutely useful, and needful in various cases, and where acts of mercy and necessity require it; as in cold seasons of the year, for the warming and comforting of persons who otherwise would be unfit for religious exercises, and on the account of infants and aged persons, who could not subsist without it; and in cases of sickness, and various disorders which necessarily require it; and even for the preparation of food, which must be had on that day as on others, the sabbath being not a fast, but rather a festival“-John Gill’s Exposition
Remember what the Lord Jesus Christ said? “How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days.“-Matthew 12:12 (See also Mark 3:4) I’m pretty sure it goes without saying that Gill’s exposition makes much more sense, especially in the context of our loving and merciful God, then the argument of those who disobey Him, and in seeking to justify doing so render him a despotic pedantic (remember, this is essentially the same tactic the devil used to get man to fall in the first place.)
The next most popular objection is “it’s not even possible to determine which day is the true Sabbath anymore”. This is actually very easy to clear up, just refer to Section B) The Sabbath of this thread where I deal with this matter.
The next objection I’ll deal with, which is similar to the previous, I actually saw raised by a practicing Jew (which you’ll see confirm what Christ Himself indicated about them having a little too high regard for the Sabbath) who was seeking to ridicule and condemn Christian Sabbath Keepers as hypocrites; and like the previous objectors, in so doing, not only miss the spirit and pragmatism of God, but moreover the spirit of the law.
This person claimed that whoever turns on a light during the Sabbath is actually guilty of breaking the law in accordance to Ex. 20:10 because it “required somebody within their gates [community] to break the Sabbath by working at the power plant.” The following quote comes from the context of that very conversation, which took place in a public internet forum. I will be posting the response addressed to that objector which I believe best represents the only logical and reasonable conclusion which can be arrived at in light of the spirit and truth of God:
“Statistically speaking it’s a fact that at least one [if not more] of the faculties that you use on a day-to-day basis were created by somebody working on the Sabbath. Do you drive a car? What if [a piece of] it was created by somebody on the Sabbath? What about the road you drive on, what if somebody had to break the Sabbath to construct it? What about the clothes on your back? Not only were they made by somebody being paid slave wages, it was done on the Sabbath.
1) [So in other words,] by your logic, if you’re going to be consistent, if you use any product that was the result of someone breaking the Sabbath you are equally as guilty. [All of the sudden nothing is safe, how do you know if someone had to break the Sabbath for you to have the produce your about to eat? After all most people observe Sunday. Do you throw out the mail that you receive which is delivered by the U.S.P.S. on the Sabbath?]
2)Whether or not I flip that switch, or turn on the computer, they are still going [to be] there working and breaking the Sabbath. That person has freewill, and I have no control whether they are there or not especially as I do not even know them personally to influence their decision.
Is it better they sin in vain and no fruit be bore as a result, or might we as well use it to try and save souls by allowing God to use us in witnessing [namely through the internet, and in our seeking to worship Him]?
You see, unless God draws that worker and convicts him of sin, he will never choose not to work on the Sabbath. The same can be said of the employer in regards to allowing them to work on the Sabbath. And unless the majority of the population of the nation were to turn back to God (which we know is not going to happen based on Bible prophecy), God’s people not using the services is in no way going to make a significant enough of an impact fiscally for them to close down for that Day.
This is where the Jews miss the mark, they think that all that matters is the physical observance of the law. It’s possible to not work on the Sabbath, and still break it by not being keeping it as it was spiritually intended in the same way Christ said if you look upon someone with lust you’ve already guilty the sin of adultery in your heart, or hated someone you’re guilty of murder.
Furthermore in this day in age, with lawlessness abounding, do you think it would be safe if electricity went out for 24 hours, and no law enforcement for 24 hours, or emergency services? Do you think God would rather somebody just lay there and die; and/or give criminals a 24-hour hay day every week to rape, steal, murder, etc.? Does that really sound right and like the heart of God to you? Or do you think God, being realistic, would rather just use somebody of who’s will it would not be against, to fulfill those positions? Especially when he has the ability to pardon them if He so choose, and judges all men based on the light they’ve been given? Again this is where Jews miss mark.
3) The sin is [ultimately] between them as the servant, their employer as the master, and God.“-Godlikeproductions.com, The Mark of the Beast – Third Angel’s Message, Pg. 44, Bracketed portions and Emphasis mine
It’s extremely ironic that those who see the 10-commandments as clearly being the basis of so much of the teachings of the New Testament (specifically as it regards the 4th) are deemed “legalistic”, while it’s objectors are the first to point out scriptures such as Exodus 16:29 and say “Sabbath keepers shouldn’t even be leaving there houses then, those hypocrites”.
Again, all they’re really doing, through God’s poetic justice, is once again, ironically demonstrating they’re lack of contextual interpretation and overall knowledge of the Bible. This verse was specifically talking about leaving their places to gather to manna as indicated in v.27. How can one be sure of this? Because by the time of Christ the pharisees had codified and enforced laws, which specifically dealt with the distance that one could travel on the Sabbath without breaking it, known as a “Sabbath Day’s Journey” (Acts 1:12). Otherwise how would the Jews have attended synagogue in the old testament? So obviously it was okay to leave their houses. And since based on the scriptures, we know Jesus traveled to the Synagogue on the Sabbath (Lk. 4:16), and since we know He came not to break but fulfill the law (Mt. 5:17-19), such an interpretation actually frames Him as one who violated the mosaic law, and therefore denies His messiahship (Is. 8:20, Is. 42:21, Mt. 4:4, etc.)
For a more thorough study see the article from the “International Standard Bible Encyclopedia” at the following link: Sabbath Day’s Journey (See also Bible Expositor Albert Barnes for that particular verse for further insight to the intended meaning.)
I know one man who rejects Sabbath-keeping and pointed to Jer. 17:21 where it says “bear no burden on the Sabbath day,” to essentially argue that if you did anything so much as flush the toilet on the Sabbath you already broke it and therefore it was impossible to keep. He then proceeded to quote Num. 15:32-36 where a man picking up sticks was on the Sabbath was put to death to further reinforce his argument. There’s a couple issues with this reasoning. Firstly, we know that this interpretation cannot be correct or else there would be no Jews left because they all would’ve been stoned for breaking the Sabbath. Secondly, regarding the passage in Jeremiah, the verse was not stating that any physical action or movement whatsoever was a violation of the Sabbath (see Objection #2 above, also Matt 12:1-12, Mark 2:27, Luke 6:9-10) but rather was more or less a reiteration of the 4th commandment to do no servile work especially as it regarded commerce and trading. Let’s see what the Expositor Albert Barnes has to say regarding this verse:
“Bear no burden on the sabbath day – Apparently the Sabbath day was kept negligently. The country people were in the habit of coming to Jerusalem on the Sabbath to attend the temple service, but mingled traffic with their devotions, bringing the produce of their fields and gardens with them for disposal. The people of Jerusalem for their part took Jeremiah 17:22 their wares to the gates, and carried on a brisk traffic there with the villagers. Both parties seem to have abstained from manual labor, but did not consider that buying and selling were prohibited by the fourth commandment.“-Barnes’ Notes on the Bible
And let’s also consider a couple of the expositors Regarding Num. 15:32-36:
“The mere gathering of sticks was not a sinful act and might be necessary for fuel to warm him or to make ready his food. But its being done on the Sabbath altered the entire character of the action. The law of the Sabbath being a plain and positive commandment, this transgression of it was a known and wilful sin, and it was marked by several aggravations. For the deed was done with unblushing boldness in broad daylight, in open defiance of the divine authority—in flagrant inconsistency with His religious connection with Israel, as the covenant-people of God; and it was an application to improper purposes of time, which God had consecrated to Himself and the solemn duties of religion. The offender was brought before the rulers, who, on hearing the painful report, were at a loss to determine what ought to be done. That they should have felt any embarrassment in such a case may seem surprising, in the face of the sabbath law (Ex 31:14). Their difficulty probably arose from this being the first public offense of the kind which had occurred; and the appeal might be made to remove all ground of complaint—to produce a more striking effect, so that the fate of this criminal might be a beacon to warn all Israelites in the future“-Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary
“Moses mentions here, as is his wont (compare Leviticus 24:10-16), the first open transgression and its punishment in order to exemplify the laws which he is laying down. The offence of Sabbath-breaking was one for which there could be no excuse. This law at least might be observed even in the wilderness. Transgression of it was therefore a presumptuous sin, and was punished accordingly.“-Barnes’ Notes on the Bible
The point that was being made between the passages of Jer. 17:21 and Num. 15:32-36 is that we should take the Sabbath seriously, and consecrate it to the Lord in rest, prayer, etc. and not for menial and secular activity.
So, regarding the incident in Numbers, chances are that the reason the man was put to death was because the actions weren’t for the purposes of survival (i.e. for warmth or food) but was unnecessary, and therefore determined to be careless irreverence for God and his commandments. But even if it were for survival, which is most unlikely, such a severe punishment would’ve only been enacted to demonstrate the seriousness of God’s law, in this case, regarding the 4th Commandment. Also, the day before the Sabbath was known as “the preparation day” for a reason (Mk. 15:42), and without a doubt he could’ve and should’ve planned ahead better. But in any case the recompense for breaking ANY of the 10-commandments was death, see the following objection for more on this point.
Finally in order to reject that Sabbath keeping as still being mandated for today the objector may quote Exodus 31:14, which states that those who break the Sabbath are to be put to death. What they are overlooking however, either in ignorance or intentionally, is that between Deuteronomy 13:6, 10; 21:18, 21; 22: 21-28, and all of Leviticus 20, death is the recompensed punishment for violating ANY point of the moral law, including for idolatry, rebellion to parents, adultery (which remember Christ said that we were guilty of if we even LOOK upon another with lust, or if we loved worldly things (Js. 4:4)), incest, or even for cursing father or mother. Now surely the person who’ll raise this objection isn’t going maintain any of those offenses are tolerable for Christians today, and surely they aren’t going to maintain that the offenders of those points should be put to death either.
Remember what the apostle Paul said? “all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God“(Rom. 3:23), “Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified..“(Rom. 3:20). You see, now we’re getting to the true meaning of the Cross and salvation by Grace through faith. Every single human alive is guilty and worthy of death, having at one time or another broken EVERY law of God, for which the wages are death! This is why the Cross of Christ is so glorious. Again quoting the apostle Paul, “For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.“(Rom. 6:23). You see, the purpose of the cross wasn’t to destroy the law (Rom. 3:31), nor was it to enable us to continue to break it (1 John 3:4, 9-10) but so that we could be forgiven for our PAST sins (Rom 3:25), and so that when we do occasionally screw up, as we wont be perfect until we receive our glorified bodies (1 Jn. 1:8), by repenting and confessing it to God we can find forgiveness (1 Jn. 1:9), and NOT have to be put to death (1 Jn. 2:1). But the irony is, that those who reject the Sabbath as well as the other commandments of God will still be put to death, only it will be eternal death upon Judgement Day in the courts of God, rather than by the hands of men while we’re here on earth.
In reality, the number of “objections”so-called which may be contrived are more ore less endless. If you didn’t find an answer to an objection you may have had in mind, I would encourage you to check out Mike Warren and D.S. Farris’ 5-Part sermon titled “85 Stupid Questions Presented to Sabbatarians” which will be linked in section J) Additional Resources. If you still don’t find your objection answered, or at least in a reasonable way, then please feel free to email and propose it to me.
So how do we keep it?
Like all of God’s truths, it’s actually very simple. Rest from any kind of manual labor, servile work, menial tasks, and the things we like to do for ourselves, and dedicating the whole day to Him for worship, prayer, praise, studying the Word, listening to sermons, singing hymns/spiritual songs, and of course fellowship with other believers if possible. Then God will grant us the spiritual rest which comes from Him as a gift for obedience and through washing and renewing by the Word (1 Sam. 15:22, Eph. 5:26-27, Rom 12:2) which is Christ (John 1:1, 14). So there is some truth to the idea that Christ is our Sabbath. The only problem is when that statement is made in spite of the rest of scripture as a means to justify disobeying our master. It really truly should be blessing that one looks forward to and that gets them through the rest of the week. If this is not the case and it’s become a burden, something is not right.
Objection #8 Debunking the lunar-based or so called “God’s Calendar” Sabbath
So if the Sabbath is the seventh day, the next question becomes seventh day from when, based on what? Since God created the earth in 6 days and rested on the 7th (Genesis chapters 1-2), from where we get the 7 day cycle which makes up a week, is it safe to assume it’s the 7th day of the re-occurring weekly cycle? There are some who’d try and argue that it has to be the 7th day based on the phases of the moon, and that the true 7th day cannot be determined on our present calendar. The first point to note is that when God gave the ten commandments to His people (Exodus 20 & Deuteronomy 5) he merely states they were to rest 7th day. Were it so that the 7th day had to be determined month-to-month based on the lunar cycle wouldn’t he have included those instructions with the command (or before the commandment was given, like perhaps when He was seeking to establish the habit of Sabbath keeping with His people while they were wandering in the wilderness for 40 years by giving them manna for 6 days but not on the 7th-day Sabbath?, Ex. 16:21-29). The fact of the matter is, while months on the Hebrew Calendar are determined based on the new moon’s, there are absolutely no scriptures indicating that the days of the week are to be determined by the moon phases, nor that the 7-day weekly cycle gets interrupted and reset from one month to the next (which it would have to because one new moon to the next will never correspond to a multiple of seven, which means the 1st day of the next month would all the sudden be in the middle of whatever week the new moon occurred). So therefore it must work the same way the 7-day weekly cycle on our calendar does: it repeats indefinitely and independently from one month to the next). And while it’s true that the days of the week on our Gregorian Calendar which we use today (contrived by the Jesuit Christopher Clavius at the commission of Pope Gregory XIII) do bare pagan names (and likewise the names of the months), God’s re-occuring 7-day-week cycle, a memorial of creation, has not only remained intact, but did and still serves as the basis of determining the 7th-day Sabbath (not the cycles of the moon) and this can can most easily be proven in the following ways:
1) The name of the day which corresponds with the Saturday of our gregorian calendar, in nearly all of the ancient languages of the world retain evidence of being derived from the word Sabbath (or in Hebrew: “shabbath“, which literally means “rest”), for example:
The pagans didn’t create the languages, Nimrod didn’t create the languages, Scripture tells us that God created all of the various languages, thousands of years ago before the great flood at the tower of Babel, in order to restrain the wickedness of man (Gen. 11:1, 6, 9). Therefore it can be no coincidence that in nearly all of them there’s a day named after God’s “Sabbath”, and it just so happens to be the same day of the week in each language: the seventh day, which corresponds with our Saturday. Surely this is the most irrefutable and infallible proof of the true Sabbath, preserved by God, for such a time as this.
2) According to scripture, Pentecost was to be observed 50 days after Passover, specifically 7 Sabbaths + 1 Day (Lev. 23:15-16, or in other words seven 7 day weeks = 49 days, in accordance with the instructions given to start this count the day after passover = 50 days). On a lunar-calendar-based-Sabbath, 7 Sabbaths would not equate to 49 days, because they don’t actually consider the first day of the month a day of the week/month, but rather its own “new moon day”. Thus the “first” day of their calendar month is actually the 2nd day of the month, and thus the first sabbath is actually on the 8th rather than the 7th day, and so forth. Additionally, the 30th day on a lunar based Sabbath calendar ends up being another extra day between the last Sabbath of any given month and the first Sabbath of the next . Therefore if the weekly Sabbath were to based on on the new moons instead of the weekly cycle, Pentecost would fall on around day 54 instead of exactly 50 day later as the scriptures indicates it must. God instituted the 7 day weekly cycle at the very beginning by creating the World in 6 days and resting the 7th, as scripture records in Genesis. In harmony with this model, over and over again God tells His people to likewise work six days, and rest one (Ex. 16:26; Ex. 20:9-10; Ex. 23:12; Ex. 31:15; Ex. 24:21; Ex. 35:2; Lev. 23:3; Deut 5:13-14; etc.). But in the lunar based weekly cycle, because of the extra
“non-days”, it becomes impossible maintain this pattern in obedience to God’s simple instructions to work six days and rest one, as,unless they cease to exist those days, they will invariably either be working, or resting which means those weeks they’ll either be working 8 days or resting 3 days.
3) The day corresponding to Saturday is the day that the Jews (who still go by God’s calendar) keep as the Sabbath (see the links to several jewish calendars following this section). Surely these men, of who the Lord Jesus Christ said, “The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses’ seat: All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do“ (Mt. 23:1-3) and the Apostle Paul, “unto them were committed the oracles of God“ (Rom. 3:1-2), who were so zealous of guarding the Sabbath that they surround it with hundreds of ridiculous regulations (and who were so bull-headed they were willing to suffer the holocaust rather than compromise), wouldn’t suffer from any confusion regarding which day is the Sabbath.
For further Reading:
What About the Lunar Sabbath?
Documentaries for Further Investigation:
Maybe on Sunday
85 Stupid Questions Presented To Sabbatarians Part 1/5, (2/5, 3/5, 4/5, 5/5)
The Perpetual Sabbath
A Young Folk’s History of the Sabbath
History of the Seventh Day Sabbath By Jim Arrabito
Why KEEP The Sabbath?~ By Jim Arrabito (His Last Sermon)
The Seventh-day Sabbath Truth By Jim Arrabito
Why Climate Change Will Lead to Religious Laws
Historic Books for Further reading:
History of the Sabbath P. Heylin, 1636
Sunday, A Sabbath by John Ley, 1641
A Vindication of the Seventh-Day Sabbath by Joseph Bates, 1848
History of the Sabbath by J.N. Andrews, 1873
Weighed and Wanting by D.L. Moody, 1898
A Critical History of the Sabbath and the Sunday in The Christian Church by A. H. Lewis, 1903
Facts of Faith by Christian Edwardson, 1942
The Sabbath of God Through the Centuries by Elder J.F. Coltheart, 1954
Sabbath and Sunday in Early Christianity by Robert L. Odom, 1977
Sabbath in Scripture and History by Kenneth A Strand, 1982
National Sunday Law by Jan Marcussen, 1983
Truth Triumphant by B.G. Wilkinson, 1997
Articles for Further reading:
Seize the Day: Keeping the Sabbath Holy (Starts on Pg. 6)
Arguments of Sabbath Objectors Refuted
100 Facts from the Bible; 60 on Sabbath, 40 on 1st Day
The Sabbath in the Early Church and Abroad
How Could the Majority be Wrong
How The Sabbath was Changed
Who Moved the Sabbath Day from Saturday to Sunday?
The Seventh Day Sabbath in Scripture and History